Maintenance of Lawns

lawn maintenance It is advisable for every homeowner to work out a careful program of lawn maintenance and to adhere faithfully to the schedule. The majority of the lawns in this country suffer sadly from neglect. After a lawn is once established, the owner is all too apt to assume that the only subsequent care required is that of periodic mowing. Under such conditions of neglect, however, it does not take many years for a good lawn to deteriorate into a poor lawn. The fertility of the soil becomes gradually depleted to the point where it can no longer support the better types of lawn grasses, and the inferior grasses consequently become more and more dominant; the soil becomes increasingly more acid in its reaction and therefore more impervious to water; the lawn becomes less resistant to injury from drought and from insect attacks; and weeds gradually creep in and will, in time, almost entirely crowd out the grasses. It is therefore a matter of sound economy to follow a carefully planned program of lawn maintenance.

Fertilization

The maintenance of soil fertility is one of the major considerations in any program of lawn management. All of our most desirable lawn grasses require a soil of reasonably good fertili­ty for satisfactory development. It is wiser, and better economy, to maintain this fertility from year to year by periodic applications of com­mercial fertilizers and composts than it is to al­low the soil to become depleted.

Rolling the lawn

lawn maintenanceThe question of lawn rolling is a much-de­bated one, on which authorities fail to agree. It is undoubtedly true that rolling has been much overdone in the past, and the present consen­sus seems to be in favor of one or two light roll­ings in the spring. Rolling should not be done until all possibility of alternate thawing and freezing is past. It should be done when the soil is moderately moist —never when it is soggy. Too frequent rolling is apt to cause an undesir­able compaction of the soil, which tends to in­terfere with the normal, thrifty growth of the turf. This danger is much greater on heavy soils than on soils or a more sandy character. A wa­ter-ballast roller is the most desirable type for lawn use, as the weight may be adjusted to meet varying conditions.